In fact, it is not wrinkles but hyperpigmentation that have the greatest impact on the assessment of appearance. This is due to the dysfunction (overactivation) of the skin’s pigment cells, the melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin.
The main cause of hyperpigmentation is overexposure to the sun, which is why it most often occurs in areas that are usually exposed such as the face, cleavage, shoulders and hands.
The cause of facial discoloration is also inflammation due to acne or mechanical trauma.
The skin is more pigmented than freckles, which appear in older age in people who overuse the sun in earlier years
The formation of spots can also be associated with autoimmune diseases, especially thyroid or the use of hormonal preparations or photosensitizing drugs and supplements (especially careful with preparations containing St. John’s wort!).
Melasma is a discoloration in the form of spots only on the face, falling into shades of dark brown and having a very irregular shape. The cause of its formation are hormonal changes (pregnancy, contraception, hormone therapy) and affects women.
It is worth remembering that the effective removal of pigmentation does not give a guarantee that they will not return!
The most important thing is proper postoperative care and avoidance of the sun (especially the daily use of creams with high UV filters)
How to treat?
The most effective treatment methods are laser therapy and medical peels, also as a combination therapy.
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